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Cornea Abrasion



A cornea abrasion is an injury to the surface layer of the cornea. Abrasions are commonly caused by fingernail scratches, paper cuts, makeup brushes, scrapes from a tree or brush limbs.

Symptoms

Symptoms of an abrasion can feel like the following:

  • The feeling that something is in the eye
  • Pain and soreness of the eye
  • Redness of the eye
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Tearing
  • Blurred vision

Treatment

Treatment may include the following:

  • Patching the injured eye to prevent eyelid blinking and irritating the injury
  • Applying lubricating eyedrops or ointment to the eye to form a soothing layer between the eyelid and abrasion
  • Using antibiotics to prevent infection
  • Wearing a special contact lens to help healing

Minor abrasions usually heal within a day or two; larger abrasions usually take about one week. It is important not to rub the eye while healing.

Prevention

For maximum protection:

  • Use proper eyewear when using power tools, mowing the lawn and performing other yard work, playing sports, and while working around wood and steel.
  • Regularly clip your infants or young child’s fingernails
  • Follow the instruction on how to wear and care for your contact lens.

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